JAMB Subject Combination for Economics 2024/2025


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Economics, a highly sought-after course for undergraduate studies in Nigeria, offers opportunities to those who embark on this academic journey through JAMB UTME. However, aspiring students often find themselves in a quandary when it comes to selecting the right subject combinations and prerequisites for their Economics course. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you details for JAMB subject combination for Economics and the insights you need to gain admission.

Overview of Economics Degree Programs in Nigeria

Economics is typically offered as a 4-year bachelor’s degree program in numerous universities across Nigeria. The variations of the program are many, but some common ones include:

  • BSc Economics
  • BSc Business Economics
  • BSc International Economics
  • BSc Economics and Statistics

These programs equip students with a profound understanding of micro and macroeconomics, econometrics, mathematical economics, public sector economics, labor and welfare economics. Graduates find themselves in various career options, from education to banking, manufacturing, consulting, auditing, insurance, and public sector roles such as economic analysts, advisers, and consultants.

The Importance of Choosing the Right JAMB Subjects for Economics

Selecting the ideal subject combinations for your UTME is paramount for securing a spot in your preferred Economics degree program. Here are some compelling reasons why you should meticulously pick your subjects:

  1. Qualifying for Admission: Many universities demand specific subject combinations; deviating from these requirements may jeopardize your application.
  2. Enhancing Your UTME Score: Opting for subjects you are passionate about and excel in increases your chances of achieving the high scores demanded by top-tier universities.
  3. Competitive Advantage: Meeting the subject requirements sets you apart from applicants who fail to choose suitable combinations.
  4. Reducing the Stress of Repeated UTME Attempts: Selecting the right combination from the outset minimizes the need for multiple UTME rewrites.

What are the O’Level Subjects Combinations for Economics

The O’Level subject combinations for Economics are:

  • English Language
  • Mathematics
  • Economics
  • Commerce/Principles of Accounts
  • Government/History/Civic Education

This combination establishes a solid foundation for your economics studies. It’s also beneficial to have credit passes in subjects like Literature in English, Statistics, Geography, and Chemistry.

JAMB Subject Combination for Economics

When selecting your UTME subjects, the ideal combination is as follows:

  • English Language (mandatory for all candidates)
  • Mathematics (compulsory for economics, statistics, and other science-based programs)
  • Economics (highly relevant to the program)
  • Any Social Science, Commercial, or Arts Subject

Hence, the recommended four-subject UTME combination for Economics degree programs is:

  • English Language
  • Mathematics
  • Economics
  • Government/Commerce/Literature-in-English/C.R.K/I.R.S

It’s essential to note that you must score at least 180 in JAMB to be eligible for admission into any Nigerian university. Some institutions may have higher cutoff marks for Economics. For example, the cutoff mark for Economics at the University of Lagos (UNILAG) is 200. Prepare diligently to aim for a high score.

What are the Alternative Subject Combinations for Economics?

In addition to the recommended combination, candidates can explore these alternative UTME subject combinations for Economics degree programs:

  1. English Language, Mathematics, Economics, Commerce
  2. English Language, Mathematics, Economics, Government
  3. English Language, Mathematics, Economics, Literature-in-English
  4. English Language, Mathematics, Economics, C.R.K/I.R.S

Whichever combination you choose, ensure it includes English, Mathematics, and Economics subjects. Verify specific requirements with your desired institutions.

Direct Entry Requirements for Economics

If you hold an OND, NCE, or A’level qualification in a relevant field, you can seek direct entry admission into the 200 level for your Economics studies. The direct entry requirements include:

  • Two A-level passes in Economics and one in Mathematics, Statistics, Geography, Business Management, Accounting, or Government.
  • NCE with at least merit passes in Economics and one of Mathematics, Statistics, Geography, Business Management, Accounting, or Government.
  • OND with at least upper credit in Business Administration, Accounting, Banking and Finance, Marketing, or Statistics.

Please note that specific universities may accept lower qualifications or impose additional requirements for direct entry admission. Consult the JAMB brochure for your preferred university’s specific prerequisites.

Best Universities for Studying Economics in Nigeria

Some of the top universities in Nigeria for pursuing Economics studies include:

  • University of Lagos
  • The University of Nigeria Nsukka
  • University of Ibadan
  • Covenant University
  • Obafemi Awolowo University
  • Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • University of Benin

Using Geography, Biology, or Yoruba for an Economics Degree

While subjects like Biology, Technical Drawing, Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa, and Foreign Languages may not be direct qualifiers for Economics degree programs, some universities might accept them when combined with commercial subjects to meet basic admission criteria. However, it’s advisable to opt for subjects closely related to Economics, such as Government, Literature, and C.R.K/I.R.S, as they enhance your admission prospects.

Essential Tips for Choosing UTME Subjects for Economics

In addition to the basic requirements, consider these vital tips:

  • Verify specific subject requirements with your preferred institutions, programs, and departments, as they may have slight variations.
  • Select subjects that align with your strengths and interests to excel in your UTME.
  • Discuss your combination options early with your teacher and career counselor.
  • Ensure your choices not only qualify you for admission but also position you for competitive programs.
  • Balance your selections across your areas of strength and avoid overloading with similar subjects.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on JAMB Subject Combination for Economics

What is the JAMB subject combination for Economics?

The JAMB subject combination for Economics comprises English Language (compulsory), Economics, Mathematics, and any one of Government, History, Geography, Literature, French, and Christian Religious Studies/Islamic Studies.

What are the O’level requirements for Economics?

The O’level requirements for Economics include five (5) SSCE credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Economics, and any two of Government, History, Geography, Literature-in-English, French, and Christian Religious Studies/Islamic Studies.

Can I choose English Literature or C.R.K with Economics, Mathematics, and Government to study Economics?

Yes, you can. You only need one arts/humanities subject, such as Literature, C.R.K, or Government.

Can I study Economics without Mathematics?

No, Mathematics is a core subject for studying Economics in any Nigerian university. You need at least a credit pass in Mathematics at the O’level and must choose Mathematics as one of your UTME subjects.

Which university is the best for studying Economics in Nigeria?

The best universities for studying Economics in Nigeria are:
University of Lagos
The University of Nigeria Nsukka
University of Ibadan
Covenant University
Obafemi Awolowo University
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
University of Benin

What are the career opportunities for graduates of Economics in Nigeria?

Graduates of Economics can pursue various career opportunities in sectors such as banking, finance, accounting, insurance, management, marketing, education, public service, international organizations, NGOs, and entrepreneurship. Additionally, they can advance their studies with postgraduate degrees in Economics or related fields.


Choosing the right subject combination is crucial to gaining admission to study Economics at any Nigerian university. With a clear understanding of the WAEC and JAMB requirements outlined above, you can make informed choices that will set you on the path to pursue a career in this important field. Best of luck with your applications!


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